A biography of mahatma gandhi the leader of the indian independence movement in british ruled india

Over the next few years, he was to become involved in numerous local struggles, such as at Champaran in Bihar, where workers on indigo plantations complained of oppressive working conditions, and at Ahmedabad, where a dispute had broken out between management and workers at textile mills.

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Gandhi then launched a new Satyagraha against the tax on salt in March He believed vegetarianism to be a moral movement and that Allinson should therefore no longer remain a member of the LVS. Gandhi informed them of his promise to his mother and her blessings.

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In , on a trip back to India, Gandhi authored a short treatise entitled Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule, where he all but initiated the critique, not only of industrial civilization, but of modernity in all its aspects. The Birth of Passive Resistance In , after the Transvaal government passed an ordinance regarding the registration of its Indian population, Gandhi led a campaign of civil disobedience that would last for the next eight years. Meanwhile, the Muslim League did co-operate with Britain and moved, against Gandhi's strong opposition, to demands for a totally separate Muslim state of Pakistan. Government warned him to not enter Delhi. He tried to adopt "English" customs, including taking dancing lessons. The new government that came to power in Britain under Clement Atlee was committed to the independence of India, and negotiations for India's future began in earnest. Their parents arranged the marriage. On January 13, , at the age of 78, he began a fast with the purpose of stopping the bloodshed. He leads thousands on a 'March to the Sea' where the protesters boil up salt water to make illegal salt — a symbolic act of defiance against British rule. At 10 minutes past 5 o'clock, with one hand each on the shoulders of Abha and Manu, who were known as his 'living walking sticks', Gandhi commenced his walk towards the garden where the prayer meeting was held. Winston Churchill,

They themselves represented the fringe elements of English society. In his autobiography, he admits that they left an indelible impression on his mind. Mohandas grew up in a home steeped in Vaishnavism —worship of the Hindu god Vishnu —with a strong tinge of Jainisma morally rigorous Indian religion whose chief tenets are nonviolence and the belief that everything in the universe is eternal.

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At The Great Trial, as it is known to his biographers, Gandhi delivered a masterful indictment of British rule. This was to be of his many major public fasts, and in he was to commence the so-called Epic Fast unto death, since he thought of "separate electorates" for the oppressed class of what were then called untouchables or harijans in Gandhi's vocabulary, and dalits in today's language as a retrograde measure meant to produce permanent divisions within Hindu society. A few days later, a bomb exploded in Birla House where Gandhi was holding his evening prayers, but it caused no injuries. Gandhi sent an ultimatum in the form of a polite letter to the viceroy of India, Lord Irwin, on 2 March. The satyagraha civil disobedience followed, with people assembling to protest the Rowlatt Act. A Divided Movement In , after British authorities made some concessions, Gandhi again called off the resistance movement and agreed to represent the Congress Party at the Round Table Conference in London. Thanks for watching! However, his assassin, a Marathi Chitpavan Brahmin by the name of Nathuram Godse, was not so easily deterred. Predictably, his letter was received with bewildered amusement, and accordingly Gandhi set off, on the early morning of March 12, with a small group of followers towards Dandi on the sea. On January 13, , at the age of 78, he began a fast with the purpose of stopping the bloodshed. Mehtab was older in age, taller and encouraged the strictly vegetarian boy to eat meat to gain height. His distant cousin in Johannesburg needed a lawyer, and they preferred someone with Kathiawari heritage. With Congress now behind him, and Muslim support triggered by his backing the Khilafat movement to restore the Caliph in Turkey, [] Gandhi had the political support and the attention of the British Raj. It has reduced us politically to serfdom.

Gandhi studied law in London and returned to India in to practice. Predictably, his letter was received with bewildered amusement, and accordingly Gandhi set off, on the early morning of March 12, with a small group of followers towards Dandi on the sea.

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Although some other members of the committee agreed with Gandhi, the vote was lost and Allinson excluded. Gandhi also continued to travel throughout the country, taking him wherever his services were required. The Champaran agitation pitted the local peasantry against their largely British landlords who were backed by the local administration. When Bose ran for President of the Congress against Gandhi's wishes and triumphed against Gandhi's own candidate, he found that Gandhi still exercised influence over the Congress Working Committee, and that it was near impossible to run the Congress if the cooperation of Gandhi and his followers could not be procured. It was partly in an attempt to put an end to the killings in Delhi, and more generally to the bloodshed following the partition, which may have taken the lives of as many as 1 million people, besides causing the dislocation of no fewer than 11 million, that Gandhi was to commence the last fast unto death of his life. The British give in and Gandhi travels to London to join the conference. Biography Early life and background Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi [19] was born on 2 October [20] into a Gujarati Hindu Modh Baniya family [21] in Porbandar also known as Sudamapuri , a coastal town on the Kathiawar Peninsula and then part of the small princely state of Porbandar in the Kathiawar Agency of the Indian Empire. Gandhi wanted to go. In the period from to , the Muslim League, which represented the interest of certain Muslims and by now advocated the creation of a separate homeland for Muslims, increasingly gained the attention of the British, and supported them in their war effort. Gandhi had ideas -- mostly sound -- on every subject, from hygiene and nutrition to education and labor, and he relentlessly pursued his ideas in one of the many newspapers which he founded. In , Gandhi announced his retirement from politics in, as well as his resignation from the Congress Party, in order to concentrate his efforts on working within rural communities. Tensions escalated until Gandhi demanded immediate independence in and the British responded by imprisoning him and tens of thousands of Congress leaders.
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Biography of Mahatma Gandhi