A comparison of the different military technologies of the byzantine empire and the muslim empire

byzantine empire culture

The complete text resided only in the memories of Muahmmad and his followers. Unlike the first two religions which were compiled by different people over time, Islam submitting to God came exclusively from the revelations of God to Mohammed the Koran and words and deeds of Mohammed the Sunna.

Codified only a couple hundred years after the foundation of Islam, the Shari'ah, or law of Islam installed permanently the Arabic order of society on subsequent generations. All this begs the question of where, when and why horse armour was adopted by Muslim cavalry but not by western European mounted warriors until significantly later.

The two churches eventually repealed their excommunication orders in the s following a historic meeting between the Catholic Pope Paul VI and the Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras I, but they remain separate entities to this day.

Byzantine empire timeline

The largest, most important and still most famous Byzantine building is the Hagia Sophia of Constantinople, dedicated to the holy wisdom hagia sophia of God. However, the term is also used, slightly confusingly, for an elephant armour. The first four caliphs were relatives and followers of Muhammad. With the purpose of facilitating communication between the onlooker and the divine, the single figures are typically full frontal with a nimbus or halo around them to emphasise their holiness. Muhammad, however, never claimed himself to be divine. Artworks which promoted a religious message - principally the need for salvation and a reinforcement of faith - were produced in huge numbers and chief amongst these were wall mosaics, wall paintings, and icons. The two remaining horse armours may also consist of two such pieces, or might have slit sides which extend as far as the lower edges of the saddles. One is made in a single piece with an unbroken lower edge from the front to the rear of the horse. The goal of individual life is to attain an afterlife within one of the heavens described in the Qur'an and to avoid one of the numerous hells. The Koran Qur'an The Qur'an was an oral text throughout the lifetime of Muhammad; it was also a fluid text. The strengthening of the Danube fleet caused the Kutrigur Huns to withdraw and they agreed to a treaty that allowed safe passage back across the Danube. In Muhammad went back to Mecca and defeated the wealthy clans there, and established Mecca as the "capital," so to speak, of Islam, although Medinah and Jerusalem also remained holy Islamic cities. The Byzantine Empire was shaken to its foundations, though.

Sunnies tended to concentrate on the coast of Asia Minor while the Shiites in the less economically advanced inland regions e. Its capital was sacked during the Crusades. They were quickly converted to Muhammad's new religion and the city was renamed Medinah.

Background of Muhammad An orphan from a poor Bedouin tribe, and influence of Judaism and Monophysite Christianity that the divine and the human Jesus were integrated in the same body in the Byzantine Empire.

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Byzantine Empire