An introduction to the history of housing in pompeii

How many people died in pompeii

Additional pyroclastic flows and rains of ash followed, adding at least another 9 feet of debris and preserving in a pall of ash the bodies of the inhabitants who perished while taking shelter in their houses or trying to escape toward the coast or by the roads leading to Stabiae or Nuceria. The city was still rebuilding seventeen years later when disaster struck. We see that the architect has designed these elements that project out of the rectangle of the villa plan, and are curved; and you can see one over here, and most importantly one over here. We see the peristyle from above open to the sky with columns, but still very stark, very plain on the outside. There were even see columns added in the front to announce, from the very start, that this is a house that is owned by a very cultured individual, who knows his Greek, and knows his Greek culture, and knows to incorporate these Greek elements into his house. And then, of course, the compluvium, a hole in the ceiling, and then the hortus is open to the sky. You can see the way in which the cubicula, the small cubicula open off that. And then at the back, number 8, for one of these ideal Roman houses, the hortus, or the garden of the house, which was obviously open to the sky. Seismic activity continued for the next decade but it seems not to have unduly perturbed the population. And beyond that, it becomes almost a kind of passageway between the atrium and the area that lay beyond here. The atrium is on axis with the fauces. Just one entranceway, possibly a few small windows, possibly not. There are many remains of public buildings, generally grouped in three areas: the Forum, located in the large level area to the southwest; the Triangular Forum, standing on a height at the edge of the south wall overlooking the bay; and the Amphitheatre and Palaestra, in the east.

It does have a tablinum, and then it has two peristyle courts, with columns encircling them, a smaller one and then a very large one in the back.

An addition over here, an addition over here; some of that sense of axiality and symmetry is lost when you start to add to either side horizontally. It is estimated that between 10, and 20, people lived in the city.

When was pompeii discovered

The black cloud represents the general distribution of ash and cinder. We have been able to not only identify what appears to be the original surface of open ground before any structures had been built in this part of the city, but construction activity spanning over years. When they are opened up to the street they take on the role of shops or tabernae, shops. We think now that it was probably a pool that held fish, and fish—not fish, just attractive fish that one could admire, but actually fish that were sold in one of the shops in front. Then, toward the end of the 5th century, the warlike Samnites , an Italic tribe, conquered Campania, and Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae became Samnite towns. From BC the first Roman army entered the Campanian plain bringing with it the customs and traditions of Rome and in the Roman war against the Latins the Samnites were faithful to Rome. You see the fauces leads into the most important room of a Roman house, the so-called atrium number 2 , the famous atrium of the Roman house. The season marked the beginning of a new phase of our investigations. You can see this rectangular pool number 3 in the center of the atrium. And then if you look very carefully, also indicated in stone, the rafters, the beams done in stone. So we see the villas and the cemeteries intermixing in a very natural way. Under the Great Pompeii Project over 2. And in any exam, by the way, even if I show something slightly different in class, I will show you only what is on your Monument List in the exam.

Hundreds of private homes of various architectural styles have also been excavated at Pompeii. And we know that beds in houses looked very much these.

Pompeii architecture

So this is a house with two peristyles; a house with two atriums, and even one of the atriums has four columns. So an interesting nod to Hellenization once again, this idea of incorporating Greek elements into Roman architecture — elements that again are under- that come into Roman architecture through the influence of earlier Greek architecture, and views out through those columns. And we can tell from this plan that what happened here is that the core of the house was added to, as property on either side, additional property, became available, and this owner purchased that property and added it. Just after midday on August 24, fragments of ash, pumice, and other volcanic debris began pouring down on Pompeii, quickly covering the city to a depth of more than 9 feet 3 metres and causing the roofs of many houses to fall in. Now this particular house—oh I did want to say though, despite those changes, the house is still very enclosed and very plain and stark from the outside. As well as the obvious example of Vesuvius' eruption in A. Chaos followed the earthquake. The city was not completely buried and tops of larger buildings would have been above the ash making it obvious where to dig or salvage building material.

In the following years, the excavators struggled with lack of money and excavations progressed slowly, but with significant finds such as the houses of the Faun, the Meleager, the tragic poet and the Dioscuri.

And the whole point, Cave Canem, beware of dog, is for you to be warned of the fact that if you dare step any further than that vestibulum, and try to get into this house or try to steal anything or whatever, this dog will attack.

An introduction to the history of housing in pompeii

Appian records that the famous Roman general Sulla besieged Pompeii in 89 B. It wasn't discovered again until the s when archeologists began to uncover the city.

pompeii eruption

We enter here through the fauces. Once again it has the core, it has the domus italica core.

Why is pompeii important

Nevertheless some buildings like the Central Baths were only started after the earthquake and were built to enhance the city with modern developments in their architecture as had been done in Rome in terms of wall-heating and window glass, and with well-lit spacious rooms. In this case the House of Sallust seems to be an example of that. But he too is looking at Alexander, quite afraid, and his horse is also turning to go off into the distance. In , we looked at the far more modest homes and workplaces of the ordinary citizens of Pompeii. The recovered city of Pompeii is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Italy. It had long been thought that the eruption was an August event based on one version of the letter but another version [41] gives a date of the eruption as late as 23 November. The city was located around 5 miles from Mount Vesuvius. So geometrically ordered, cubic, as you can see.

The changing nature of the properties, from small, modest houses to large, luxurious ones and industrial complexes to commercial establishments, reflect the growing gulf between rich and poor in ancient Pompeii.

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Lifestyles of the Roman Rich and Famous: Houses and Villas at Pompeii