Judge and court

How to address a judge

In some U. In many parts of the world, judges wear long robes often in black or red and sit on an elevated platform during trials known as the bench. They research and review laws involved and write opinions that usually are published in bound volumes. Polish judges are using questions to the EU Court of Justice to obtain hard evidence from the CJEU that the changes in the judiciary being rammed through by the ruling majority are not compatible with EU law. However, in some of the Western United States , like California, judges did not always wear robes and instead wore everyday clothing. For other trials, judges decide the case. In some civil law systems, this panel may include lay judges. Middle row left to right: Judge Patrick D.

A judge who determines guilt in criminal cases may impose a sentence or penalty on the guilty party. Not pictured: Judge Sarah E.

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Judges interpret the law to determine how a trial will proceed, which is particularly important when unusual circumstances arise for which standard procedures have not been established.

Prior to July 1,the governor made appointments by selecting one of three qualified candidates provided by the Supreme Court Nominating Commission.

However, in some of the Western United Stateslike California, judges did not always wear robes and instead wore everyday clothing.

Judge and court

Joseph Pierron Jr. Judges use various forms of technology, such as electronic databases and software, to manage cases and prepare for trials. Excellent writing skills are also a necessity, given the finality and authority of the documents written. In criminal cases, they may decide that people charged with crimes should be held in jail until the trial, or they may set conditions for their release. Powell; Judge Kathryn A. Furthermore, in some system even investigation may be conducted by the judge, functioning as an examining magistrate. They research and review laws involved and write opinions that usually are published in bound volumes. In an adversarial system common law , as in effect in the U. Court of Appeals judges ordinarily do not conduct trials. Prior to July 1, , the governor made appointments by selecting one of three qualified candidates provided by the Supreme Court Nominating Commission. They can order police, military or judicial officials to execute searches, arrests, imprisonments, garnishments, distrainments, seizures, deportations and similar actions.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. A short wig resembling but not identical to a barrister 's wig a Bench Wig would be worn in court. American judges frequently wear black robes.

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Functions[ edit ] The ultimate task of a judge is to settle a legal dispute in a final and public manner, and thus affirm the rule of law. Prior to July 1,the chief judge was appointed by the Kansas Supreme Court.

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As such, the judge is expected to apply the law directly, as in the French expression Le juge est la bouche de la loi "The judge is the mouth of the law". After July 1, , the chief judge will be elected by the judges on the Court of Appeals following a procedure of their choosing. In civil cases, the judge may award relief, such as compensation for damages, to the parties who win the lawsuit. May The Court of Appeals has 14 judges who are appointed by the governor. American judges frequently wear black robes. The following judges currently serve in the Kansas Court of Appeals:. Furthermore, in some system even investigation may be conducted by the judge, functioning as an examining magistrate. Judges are often appointed by the head of state.

Judges work with people all the time; by the nature of the job, good dispute resolution and interpersonal skills are a necessity.

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