Some of the negative influences that Pip faces include poverty, low self-esteem, abuse, fear, and lack of love When the police arrest Valjean, Myriel covers for him, claiming that the silverware was a gift.
Cosette's position was similar to the many other orphans of her time in that she was mercilessly abused without intervention from the law. He realizes not only is he capable of loving someone, but passing on love to others.
Unlike Valjean, Patron-Minette and their associates are real criminals who rob and murder on a grand scale, but they receive only short sentences in prisons that are easy to escape.
Through the character Jean Valjean, Hugo shows the consequences suffered by a man unable to provide for his family in this time period. Finding herself alone and heartbroken once again, she trudged on, eventually resorting to prostitution in order to survive.
It is, in fact, full to overflowing of sacrifice between its different characters.
Specifically, the author uses the characters Jean Valjean, Fantine and her daughter Cosette in this work to enlighten readers of the struggles faced by men, women and children living in poverty during the years leading up to the French Revolution.